Around 47% graduates in India are not employable for any industry role according to a latest report by Aspiring Minds, India's Leading Employability Solutions Company. The report is a first ever national audit of employability of 3-year Bachelor's Degree graduates.
The report, which is claimed to be the first ever national audit of employability of 3-year Bachelor's degree graduates, drew inferences from data of over 60,000 graduates pan-India, based on Aspiring Minds Computer Adaptive Test (AMCAT).
The analysis and findings of this report are based on the performance of these students in different modules of AMCAT, India's largest and only standardized employability test.
The employability of graduates across sectors and roles was highlighted by the report as stated below:
- Maximum of 35.95% graduates employable in clerical/ secretarial roles; less than 3% for Corp Communication, Accounting roles!
- 40% of employable graduates are beyond top 30% colleges.
- Pan-India study of 60000 graduates across colleges.
The employability of graduates varies from 2.59% in functional roles such as accounting, to 15.88% in sales related roles and 21.37% for roles in the business process outsourcing (BPO/ITeS) sector.
A significant proportion of graduates, nearly 47%, were found not employable in any sector, given their English language and cognitive skills. Since a graduation degree is considered a pathway to a job in the knowledge economy, substantive intervention at school and college level is needed to improve basic skills of students. Next, a renewed focus on vocational training is timely now and should be re-emphasized.
For an analyst role, close to 84% graduates were found to lack the right levels in cognitive ability. 90% graduates did not have required proficiency in English communication.
Over 41% of graduates employable in accounting roles hail from colleges beyond the top 30% colleges, whereas for the IT services sector this percentage is 36%. Despite being employable, these students have no way to signal their employability to recruiters who end up recruiting only from reputed colleges and universities.