The 12th Five Year Plan, which has been delayed and likely to be released in April, is going to focus on the Right To Education (RTE) Act this time. Apart from RTE, the other key areas will include higher education and the setting up of central universities.
There are lots of major challenges that RTE has to face. The concern for RTE is understandable, according to the annual Status of Education Report(Rural) 2011, private school enrollment is increasing in most of the states despite RTE. Since RTE came into force in 2010, the two major obstacles have been availability of teachers and setting up of neighbourhood schools. There is a shortage of nearly five lakh teachers while about three lakh teachers, teaching at the elementary level, are untrained.
As the the road-map of RTE, neighbourhood schools are to be established and improved infrastructure to be ensured as per the pupil-teacher ratio (one teacher: 30 students)- both by March 2013. The provision for training untrained teachers is to be met by 2015. According to the annual report 2010-11 (MHRD), the provisions of RTE are being implemented through Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA).