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What is Sociology? Scope and Career Opportunities

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What is Sociology?

What is Sociology?
Sociology is the study of human social relationships and groups. Sociology's subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability to radical change in whole societies.

It also provides on understanding how and why society functions and the impact of social intuitions on individual lives.

Sociologists ask how class, gender, race, ethnicity, age and geographic region affect access to scarce resources like wealth, income, power and prestige as they explore the nature and operation of the social institutions.

Scope of Sociology:
The overall objective of sociology is to systematically understand how individuals and groups create, maintain and change social relationships, social structures and institutions over time.

There is more awareness about Sociology in the US or UK than in India, the increasing interest among students and good course structure with intensive on-field projects and field-trips offered by Indian universities will gradually increase scope for Sociology in India.

Career Opportunities:
The career opportunities for the sociology degree are limitless. One can expect careers at research institutions, law firms, public health, welfare organisations, private business, international agencies, medical firms, educational institutions, advertising firms, survey and poling organisations, journalism and many more.

Students with a bachelor's degree in sociology often secure employment as social researchers, case workers, paralegals, public relations workers, administrators, community organisers, public policy researchers, and data analysts.

What are the job roles:

  • Sociologist
  • Office Administrator
  • Community Organiser
  • Professor
  • Lecturer
  • Consultant
  • Counselor
  • Urban Planner

Who can apply for this course:

  • Candidates who have passed 10+2 in arts stream, are eligible for this course.
  • Candidates who have passed bachelor's degree in sociology stream, are eligible to pursue sociology in master level.

Top colleges/ Universities in India offering Sociology course:

  • Banaras Hindu University
  • University of Madras
  • University of Pune
  • University of Hyderabad
  • University of Rajasthan

Top colleges / Universities in abroad offering Sociology course:

  • University of Cambridge
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Essex
  • New York University
  • University of Michigan

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